Educating the Citizen of Empire


  • Michael Thomas Hayes
  • Melissa Saul


In this article we conceptualize an education that would be consonant with a contemporary notion of global citizenship, that we call a Citizen of Empire. Drawing from the work of Hardt and Negri in their book Empire, we argue that global society is a virtual space manufactured through the biopolitical generativity of the people on a global scale. A global citizen engages in acts of political, cultural and economic creativity to generate the global society of Empire from the ground up. We argue that an education that is consonant with this kind of citizenship would be consistent with Ivan Illich's proposal for a deschooled society. A deschooled education foregrounds poesis over praxis as it links people together through globally articulated learning webs that places individuals into relationship across differences of space and time.

Author Biographies

Michael Thomas Hayes

Michael Hayes is an Associate Professor in the department of Teaching and Learning at Washington State University. Dr. Hayes teaches the Social Foundations of the Elementary Curriculum in the undergraduate program and Social Theory and Cultural Studies in the graduate program. His scholarship examines the notion of global citizenship and its relationship to education. His recent work articulates a theoretical perspective on the citizen of empire and the global creative.

Melissa Saul

Melissa Saul is academic faculty in the department of Curriculum and Instruction at the University of Idaho. She teaches Social Studies methods in the undergraduate program and Action Research in the graduate program. Her scholarship is in the area of peace studies, and she has conducted research in Palestine and Israel.






International Curriculum Discourses